Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a prevalent and often debilitating hand and wrist condition that affects millions of Americans each year. It results from compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel, a narrow passageway in the wrist.

This nerve compression can lead to a range of symptoms, including pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers. If left untreated, carpal tunnel syndrome can progress and significantly impact a person’s ability to perform daily activities, ultimately compromising their quality of life.

At North Florida Hand and Wrist, our team of highly-trained hand and wrist surgeons, Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez, is dedicated to providing the highest level of care to patients struggling with carpal tunnel syndrome and other hand and wrist conditions.

Our state-of-the-art surgical facility is equipped with cutting-edge technology and a team of compassionate practitioners who are committed to alleviating the pain and discomfort associated with CTS, while restoring functionality in our patients’ hands.

In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the root causes of carpal tunnel syndrome, examine the symptoms that serve as warning signs, and explore the innovative treatment options available at North Florida Hand and Wrist

By gaining a thorough understanding of carpal tunnel syndrome, you’ll be better equipped to address this condition effectively and maintain optimal hand and wrist health. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, reach out to our expert team to schedule a thorough evaluation and develop a personalized treatment approach tailored to your needs.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

There are various factors that can contribute to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome, including:

  • Anatomic Factors: Some individuals may have a naturally smaller carpal tunnel, making them more susceptible to median nerve compression. Other anatomic factors, like wrist injuries or arthritis, can also contribute to CTS development.
  • Repetitive Hand Use: Prolonged and repetitive wrist and hand motions, common in jobs that require constant typing, assembly line work, or operating certain tools, may be associated with an increased risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Medical Conditions: Health issues, including diabetes, hypothyroidism, and rheumatoid arthritis, can increase the likelihood of developing CTS.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, smoking, and high salt intake have all been associated with a heightened risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Warning Signs and Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Recognizing the early signs and symptoms of CTS is crucial for timely treatment and preventing further damage. Key indicators include:

  • Hand Numbness and Tingling: These sensations, often experienced in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers, are typically the first symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Hand and Wrist Pain: Pain commonly extends from the palm through the wrist and forearm, and may even reach the shoulder in severe cases.
  • Weakness and Clumsiness: CTS sufferers may notice difficulties in performing tasks that require fine motor skills, like buttoning a shirt or holding small objects.
  • Nighttime Symptoms: Carpal tunnel syndrome often becomes more noticeable at night, with symptoms worsening when sleeping or upon waking.

Conservative Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Before considering surgery, various non-surgical treatments may be effective in alleviating mild to moderate CTS symptoms:

  • Splinting and Bracing: Wearing a wrist splint or brace, particularly at night, can help keep the wrist in a neutral position, preventing median nerve compression.
  • Activity Modification: Adjusting daily tasks or taking frequent breaks during repetitive hand movements can minimize pressure on the median nerve.
  • Over-the-Counter Medications: Pain relief medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can help alleviate mild pain and inflammation related to CTS.
  • Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy: A professional can provide guidance on strategies for reducing symptoms, including hand-strengthening exercises, stretches, and ergonomic modifications to the workplace.

Advanced Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

If conservative treatments prove ineffective or symptoms continue to worsen, advanced treatment options include:

  • Corticosteroid Injections: Injections administered directly into the carpal tunnel can help reduce inflammation and provide temporary symptom relief.
  • Nerve Gliding Exercises: Physical therapy may incorporate specific nerve gliding exercises designed to improve nerve movement and alleviate symptoms.
  • Advanced Diagnostic Imaging: Ultrasound or MRI can provide a more accurate assessment of the median nerve and carpal tunnel to inform the most appropriate course of treatment.
  • Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: For severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to release the transverse carpal ligament, alleviating pressure on the median nerve and resolving symptoms. North Florida Hand and Wrist offers state-of-the-art surgical options, including minimally invasive endoscopic carpal tunnel release, which requires a shorter recovery period and results in less scarring compared to traditional open surgery.


Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common, yet potentially debilitating, hand and wrist condition that requires swift recognition and prompt attention. By understanding its causes and symptoms, embracing preventive measures, and being aware of innovative treatment options, you can safeguard your hand and wrist health.

If you’re experiencing symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, don’t wait any longer. Contact North Florida Hand and Wrist today for cutting-edge treatment and compassionate care. Our dedicated team is committed to diagnosing and carpal tunnel syndrome treatment with the latest technology and techniques. We understand that every patient is unique, which is why we offer personalized treatment plans to meet your specific needs. Don’t let carpal tunnel syndrome hold you back any longer. Call us today to schedule a comprehensive evaluation and start your journey towards relief and recovery.