Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common and widely recognized condition affecting the wrist and hand, causing discomfort, numbness, tingling, and even functional impairment in severe cases. This condition occurs when the median nerve – which provides sensation and strength to the thumb, index, middle, and part of the ring fingers – becomes compressed within the carpal tunnel: a narrow, rigid passageway comprising bones and tendons at the base of the hand. In essence, CTS develops when the carpal tunnel narrows or the surrounding tissue swells, exerting pressure on the median nerve and resulting in a variety of symptoms.

At North Florida Hand & Wrist Center, our experienced hand and wrist surgeons, Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez, are dedicated to providing top-tier care to those afflicted by Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other hand and wrist ailments. Our state-of-the-art facility is equipped with advanced diagnostic and treatment methods to ease any hand or wrist discomfort and restore functionality. Our team of skilled practitioners is committed to offering expert care and personalized treatment plans tailored to the unique needs of our patients.

In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the intricacies of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, discussing its symptoms, the factors that may contribute to its development, and the latest medical and surgical treatments available at North Florida Hand & Wrist Center. By equipping yourself with a thorough understanding of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, you can make informed decisions regarding your hand and wrist health and take appropriate action to prevent and address the condition. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms suggestive of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, our expert team is here to provide a detailed evaluation and develop a personalized treatment strategy best suited to your needs.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) can present itself in various ways, manifesting different symptoms as the condition progresses. Early-stage symptoms typically include:

  1. Numbness and tingling: Often experienced in the thumb, index, middle fingers, or the palm side of the hand, these sensations can fluctuate in intensity and occur intermittently.
  2. Pain or discomfort: CTS sufferers may experience a dull ache in the wrist or hand, which can sometimes extend into the forearm and arm, particularly during wrist flexion or prolonged activities.
  3. Weakness or clumsiness: As the condition progresses, it may become difficult to grip objects or perform tasks requiring fine motor skills, leading to a sense of weakness or clumsiness in the hand.

Unraveling the Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

While CTS may be caused by various factors, some common underlying causes and risk factors include:

  1. Anatomical conditions: Fractures, dislocations, or congenital abnormalities may result in narrowed carpal tunnels and increased pressure on the median nerve.
  2. Repetitive strain: Engaging in repetitive hand or wrist movements, such as keyboard typing or industrial work, can lead to swelling and nerve compression.
  3. Medical conditions: Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and hormonal imbalances can all contribute to the development of CTS.
  4. Genetic predisposition: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to CTS, with a hereditary tendency towards narrower carpal tunnels.
  5. Lifestyle factors: Obesity, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle have all been associated with an increased risk of developing CTS.

Non-Surgical Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Depending on the severity of CTS, non-surgical treatments may be suitable in many cases. Some of these treatment options include:

  1. Wrist splinting: Wrist splints help to immobilize and maintain the wrist in a neutral position, reducing nerve compression and alleviating symptoms.
  2. Anti-inflammatory medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help to combat inflammation and relieve pain.
  3. Corticosteroid injections: Administered directly into the carpal tunnel, these injections can provide short-term symptom relief by reducing inflammation and pressure on the nerve.
  4. Activity modification: Altering or avoiding activities responsible for exacerbating CTS symptoms may be beneficial in reducing discomfort and further nerve damage.
  5. Physical therapy: Exercises targeted at strengthening and stretching the wrist and hand may provide symptom relief and help slow the progression of the condition.

Surgical Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

In cases where non-surgical treatments prove insufficient or CTS becomes severe, surgical intervention may be necessary to alleviate symptoms and prevent permanent nerve damage. The two primary surgical methods include:

  1. Open carpal tunnel release: This procedure involves making a small incision in the palm to expose the transverse carpal ligament, which is subsequently severed to enlarge the carpal tunnel and relieve nerve compression.
  2. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release: This minimally invasive technique employs an endoscope to visualize the carpal tunnel, allowing for a smaller incision and potentially reducing postoperative pain and recovery time.

Selecting the right treatment will depend on the individual patient and the severity of the condition, with the expertise of the hand and wrist surgeon playing a crucial role in determining the most appropriate course of action.

Preventing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

While not all cases of CTS can be prevented, there are several preventative measures that can be taken to alleviate existing symptoms or reduce the likelihood of developing the condition:

  1. Ergonomic adjustments: Optimizing your workspace to promote healthy posture and wrist positioning can help minimize the strain on the carpal tunnel area.
  2. Regular breaks: Taking breaks to stretch and perform gentle exercises can alleviate discomfort and stress on the wrist.
  3. Hand and wrist exercises: Strengthening and stretching the surrounding muscles may help to maintain flexibility and reduce the risk of CTS.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a prevalent hand and wrist condition that can significantly impact an individual’s daily life. By recognizing the symptoms, understanding the potential causes, and exploring various treatment options, those affected can take proactive steps to manage the condition and ultimately find relief from their symptoms. At North Florida Hand & Wrist Center, our expert hand and wrist doctors, Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez, are dedicated to providing comprehensive and personalized care for individuals suffering from Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and other hand and wrist conditions. If you suspect that you may be experiencing symptoms of CTS, do not hesitate to reach out to our team for a thorough evaluation and a customized treatment plan designed specifically to address your needs.