Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition affecting millions of Americans, causing numbness, pain, and weakness in the hand and wrist. As expert hand and wrist surgeons in the Jacksonville community, we understand the importance of addressing carpal tunnel syndrome early to prevent long-term complications and restore hand functionality. Our facility is equipped with advanced diagnostic tools and the latest treatment options to ensure optimal results for each patient.

The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway in the wrist containing tendons and the median nerve, which provides sensation and motor functions to the thumb, index, middle, and half of the ring finger. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve becomes compressed within the carpal tunnel due to inflammation, leading to characteristic symptoms that can impair daily activities. With the increasing reliance on computers and smartphones, the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome continues to rise, making it crucial to address this condition and adopt preventive measures.

In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the details surrounding carpal tunnel syndrome, including the primary causes, potential risk factors, notable symptoms, and reliable detection methods. Additionally, we will explore the range of non-surgical and surgical treatments currently available, empowering patients to make well-informed decisions about their hand and wrist health in 2024 and beyond.

Uncovering the Causes and Risk Factors of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

To effectively manage and treat carpal tunnel syndrome, it’s essential to understand the root causes and risk factors associated with this prevalent condition:

  1. Causes: Carpal tunnel syndrome primarily results from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel, which can occur due to inflammation and swelling of the tendons. This elevated pressure within the tunnel results in the characteristic carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms.
  2. Risk factors: Several factors may increase the likelihood of developing carpal tunnel syndrome, including repetitive hand movements, awkward hand positions, forceful activities, vibration, prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, obesity, and previous wrist injuries. Additionally, certain health conditions like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and hypothyroidism may elevate the risk for carpal tunnel syndrome. Women are also more susceptible to developing the condition than men.

Recognizing the Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Early identification and intervention are crucial for preventing long-term complications and ensuring the best possible outcomes for carpal tunnel syndrome patients:

  1. Numbness or tingling: Patients often report numbness or tingling sensations in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers. These sensations may come and go or become persistent over time.
  2. Pain and discomfort: Pain or aching discomfort may be experienced in the hand, wrist, or forearm, which can worsen at night or during particular activities.
  3. Hand weakness: Carpal tunnel syndrome can result in weakness of the hand, making it difficult for patients to grip objects or perform fine motor tasks.

Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

A comprehensive assessment, including a physical examination and review of the patient’s medical history, is crucial to accurately diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome:

  1. Physical examination: Our skilled practitioners will examine the hand, wrist, and forearm while assessing sensation, hand strength, and wrist flexibility.
  2. Nerve conduction studies: Electromyography or nerve conduction velocity tests may be conducted to evaluate the electrical activity of the muscles and nerves.
  3. Imaging studies: In some cases, X-rays or MRI scans may be employed to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms or to assess the wrist’s anatomical features.

Non-Surgical Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Often, conservative treatment approaches effectively alleviate carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms and promote recovery:

  1. Rest and activity modification: Limiting activities that aggravate symptoms and implementing regular breaks throughout the day can help reduce discomfort.
  2. Wrist splinting: Wearing a specially designed wrist splint during sleep or activities can help maintain the wrist in a neutral position, alleviating pressure on the median nerve.
  3. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, can assist in managing pain and inflammation.
  4. Physical therapy: Patients may benefit from targeted exercises and stretches prescribed by a physical therapist to improve hand and wrist functionality.
  5. Steroid injections: Corticosteroid injections may be administered directly into the carpal tunnel, providing temporary relief for patients experiencing severe symptoms.

Surgical Treatment Options for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

When conservative treatments fail to provide adequate relief, or if the condition causes severe nerve damage, surgical intervention may be considered:

  1. Open carpal tunnel release surgery: This procedure involves making an incision in the wrist and palm region to access the carpal tunnel and release the transverse carpal ligament, relieving compression on the median nerve.
  2. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release surgery: This minimally invasive procedure employs the use of an endoscope to visualize the carpal tunnel while a small instrument releases the transverse carpal ligament. This approach often results in less postoperative pain and faster recovery compared to open surgery.

Post-Treatment Care and Rehabilitation

Following carpal tunnel syndrome treatment, patients typically undergo a tailored rehabilitation program that includes hand exercises, stretches, and possible occupational therapy to maximize recovery and restore hand function.


Carpal tunnel syndrome can significantly impact a person’s daily life, causing discomfort and limiting hand functionality. With early intervention and expert care, patients can successfully manage their symptoms and regain optimal hand and wrist function. 

If you are experiencing carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms, don’t hesitate to reach out to our dedicated wrist specialists at North Florida Hand and Wrist in Jacksonville, FL, for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized treatment plan. Our goal is to help you maintain your hand and wrist health throughout 2024 and beyond. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!