Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition causing pain, numbness, and weakness in the hand and wrist, impacting your daily activities and overall quality of life. At North Florida Hand and Wrist, expert hand and wrist surgeons Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez are committed to providing patients with the highest level of care to manage and treat Carpal Tunnel Syndrome effectively. 

In this in-depth article, we will explore the signs, symptoms, causes, and treatment options for CTS, providing valuable information on this widespread issue to help you regain control of your life.

What Is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome? 

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes compressed at the wrist. The median nerve provides sensation to the fingers and controls certain hand muscles. 

Consequently, any pressure on the nerve can cause a range of symptoms, from mild discomfort to severe pain and even permanent damage if left untreated. Understanding the leading causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, such as repetitive hand movements, injury, or underlying medical conditions, is crucial for preventing the condition’s progression and seeking timely expert intervention.

North Florida Hand and Wrist offer comprehensive care for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, from early diagnosis to state-of-the-art treatment options and ongoing support. Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez will carefully assess your symptoms and tailor the most effective treatment plan. In addition to surgical procedures, conservative treatment options often prove helpful for patients with mild to moderate symptoms, ranging from lifestyle modifications to splinting and physical therapy.

In this guide, we will delve into the intricacies of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and discuss its impact on hand and wrist functions. Whether you suspect you may have CTS or are looking for expert advice to manage your symptoms, North Florida Hand and Wrist is here to provide you with the support and care you need on your journey toward a pain-free life.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Uncovered: Key Contributing Factors and Risk Assessments

Several factors may contribute to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome, ranging from genetic predispositions to lifestyle habits:

  • Repetitive Hand and Wrist Movements: Performing activities that involve repetitive wrist flexion or extension, such as typing, sewing, or playing musical instruments, can increase pressure on the median nerve.
  • Health Conditions: Certain medical conditions, like diabetes, obesity, hypothyroidism, and rheumatoid arthritis, can contribute to nerve compression.
  • Pregnancy and Menopause: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and menopause can cause fluid retention and swelling around the carpal tunnel, increasing pressure on the median nerve.
  • Age and Gender: CTS is more prevalent among middle-aged and older individuals and occurs more frequently in women than men.

Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

CTS manifests in various ways, with numbness, tingling, and pain in the hand and wrist being the most distinctive symptoms. Other common indicators include:

  • Weakness or clumsiness in hand, often resulting in difficulty gripping objects or performing fine-motor tasks
  • A burning sensation radiating from the wrist to the fingertips
  • Decreased hand dexterity and function, especially during repetitive tasks
  • Worsening symptoms at night, often interrupting sleep

It is crucial to consult with a hand and wrist specialist, such as Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez at North Florida Hand and Wrist, if you experience these symptoms persistently.

Navigating Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Diagnosis: Tests and Examinations

A comprehensive evaluation and accurate diagnosis are essential in formulating an effective treatment plan for carpal tunnel syndrome. Your specialist will:

  1. Take a detailed medical history, noting symptoms, activities, and past injuries.
  2. Perform a physical examination, assessing the hand and wrist for signs of swelling, pain, or muscle atrophy.
  3. Conduct provocative tests, like Tinel’s sign and Phalen’s maneuver, to check for median nerve compression.
  4. Order diagnostic tests, such as nerve conduction studies (NCS) or electromyography (EMG), to confirm the presence of nerve compression and evaluate its severity.
  5. Once a diagnosis is confirmed, your specialist will discuss the best treatment options to manage carpal tunnel syndrome effectively.

Embracing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment: From Conservative Methods to Surgical Success

The experts at North Florida Hand and Wrist offer a variety of treatment options for CTS, customized to meet the unique needs and circumstances of each patient:

1. Conservative Measures:

  • Activity Modification: Adjusting workstations and taking breaks during repetitive tasks
  • Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, or corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation and discomfort
  • Splinting: Wearing wrist splints to minimize pressure on the median nerve during sleep or activities
  • Physical Therapy: Strengthening and stretching exercises to alleviate symptoms and improve hand functionality

2. Surgical Intervention: If conservative treatments fail to provide relief, your specialist may suggest surgery as a last resort:

  • Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery: This minimally invasive procedure involves relieving pressure on the median nerve by cutting the transverse carpal ligament, which forms the roof of the carpal tunnel.
  • Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release: In select cases, an endoscopic approach may be employed, utilizing small incisions and a camera to guide the release of the transverse carpal ligament, resulting in reduced postoperative pain and a faster recovery.

Life Beyond Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Tips for Maintaining Hand and Wrist Health

Following treatment, taking preventive measures and implementing healthy habits can help you maintain lasting relief from carpal tunnel syndrome:

  1. Maintain proper ergonomics in your work environment, incorporating wrist rests, adjustable chairs, and desks designed to minimize strain on the hands and wrists.
  2. Perform targeted exercises and stretches to strengthen hand and wrist muscles, enhance flexibility, and alleviate repetitive strain.
  3. Prioritize self-care, focusing on maintaining healthy body weight and managing chronic health conditions that can contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is common among people of all ages, genders, and occupations. In this article, we explored the causes, symptoms, and treatments of CTS and ways to prevent it. We also discussed the importance of seeking medical attention for CTS and other hand-related conditions. You can reduce your risk of developing CTS by taking preventive measures, such as ergonomic adjustments and regular breaks. If you have already been diagnosed with CTS, various treatments are available to reduce your pain and improve your hand function. With the help of a medical professional, you can find the right treatment plan to fit your needs.

Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez at North Florida Hand and Wrist Center are committed to helping you defeat carpal tunnel syndrome and reclaim a life of pain-free hand and wrist function. Trust their expertise and dedication to patient care as you navigate the path to recovery and lasting relief from this debilitating condition. Make an appointment with us for carpal tunnel syndrome treatment