Trigger Finger

Trigger finger or stenosing tenosynovitis, is a common yet uncomfortable hand condition that affects thousands of individuals globally. It occurs when one or more of the fingers becomes locked in a bent position and experiences pain and stiffness. In severe cases, the finger may become entirely immobile, severely impacting daily activities and reducing overall hand functionality. At our Hand & Wrist Center, our highly skilled team of physicians and specialists is committed to providing patients with individualized care and innovative treatment approaches to address trigger fingers and ease any discomfort caused by this condition.

For those dealing with trigger finger, it’s vital to have a clear understanding of the factors contributing to this condition, as well as the wide variety of treatment options available. This includes both non-surgical and surgical methods, ranging from conservative intervention techniques to advanced, minimally invasive surgical procedures. In addition, understanding preventive care measures and rehabilitation strategies that promote optimal hand health and function is indispensable for preventing trigger finger recurrence and achieving lasting relief.

In this in-depth guide, we will discuss the fundamental aspects of trigger finger, exploring its causes, symptoms, and potential risk factors. Additionally, we’ll delve into the variety of non-surgical and surgical treatment solutions available, empowering patients with the information they need to make informed decisions about their individual care. Furthermore, we will share insights into post-treatment rehabilitation practices and valuable prevention strategies to help maintaining hand health and function in 2024 and beyond.

Causes and Risk Factors of Trigger Finger

Understanding the primary causes and risk factors for trigger finger is vital in both treating and preventing the condition:

  1. Inflammation: Thickening or inflammation of the tendons or tendon sheaths can lead to trigger finger, increasing friction and restricting tendon movement.
  2. Age and gender: Trigger finger is more common in people between 40-60 years of age, and women are more likely than men to develop this condition.
  3. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout, can increase one’s risk of experiencing trigger finger.
  4. Repetitive motion: Engaging in activities or tasks that require repetitive hand motions can contribute to the development of trigger finger over time.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Trigger Finger

Being able to recognize the symptoms of trigger finger is crucial for early diagnosis and effective treatment:

  1. Finger locking: The finger may lock or catch in a bent position before suddenly releasing, similar to a trigger being pulled and released.
  2. Pain and stiffness: The affected finger may experience pain, stiffness, or discomfort, especially when trying to straighten or bend it.
  3. Swelling or a bump: A noticeable swelling or bump may develop at the base of the affected finger, near the palm of the hand.
  4. Morning stiffness: Finger stiffness and discomfort may be more pronounced after waking up in the morning.

Non-Surgical Treatments for Trigger Finger

Several conservative treatment methods can help manage trigger finger and improve hand function:

  1. Rest and activity modification: Temporarily avoiding activities that cause discomfort or exacerbate symptoms can help reduce inflammation and promote healing.
  2. Splinting: Wearing a splint to keep the affected finger in an extended position can provide support and alleviate the strain on the inflamed tendon.
  3. Ice and heat therapy: Using ice packs or heating pads on the affected area may offer temporary relief from pain and discomfort.
  4. Anti-inflammatory medications: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help reduce pain and inflammation in mild to moderate cases.

Surgical Treatment Options for Trigger Finger

When non-surgical treatments fail to provide significant improvement, patients may consider one of the following surgical approaches to address trigger finger:

  1. Percutaneous release: Performed under local anesthesia, a needle is inserted through the skin and used to release the constricting portion of the tendon sheath, allowing the finger to move freely.
  2. Open surgery: Under local anesthesia, a small incision is made in the palm of the hand, and the surgeon releases the inflamed tendon, restoring finger movement and alleviating pain.

Both surgical procedures are performed on an outpatient basis and have high success rates. However, it’s crucial to discuss the risks, benefits, and potential complications with a healthcare professional before proceeding with either treatment.

Post-treatment Rehabilitation and Prevention Strategies

Proper post-treatment rehabilitation and preventive measures can increase the likelihood of long-lasting results:

  1. Physical therapy: Following surgery, a structured rehabilitation program consisting of hand and finger exercises can help restore hand strength, flexibility, and function.
  2. Ice and compression: Applying ice and using compression bandages during the initial post-surgical period can help reduce pain, swelling, and promote healing.
  3. Proper ergonomics: Opting for ergonomic tools and adopting more efficient techniques for daily activities can help minimize the recurrence of trigger finger.
  4. Regular stretching and strengthening exercises: Engaging in consistent hand and finger exercises may aid in maintaining joint health and preventing future episodes of trigger finger.


Effectively managing trigger finger demands a clear understanding of the condition’s causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Timely diagnosis and appropriate intervention—whether through non-surgical treatments or surgical methods—can significantly improve hand functionality and reduce pain associated with this debilitating condition.

If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms suggestive of a trigger finger, it’s critical to consult with our expert wrist and hand surgeons in Jacksonville, FL, who can provide personalized, effective solutions for your unique needs. Reach out to our dedicated team of healthcare professionals at North Florida Hand and Wrist today and take the first step towards reclaiming hand movement, alleviating pain, and improving your quality of life in 2024 and beyond.