trigger finger

Trigger finger, or stenosing tenosynovitis, is a common and often painful condition that affects hand functionality and overall quality of life. The condition occurs when the tendon sheath, which houses the tendons responsible for finger and thumb movements, becomes inflamed or irritated. This irritation leads to a narrowing of the tendon sheath, ultimately causing the affected finger or thumb to become locked in a bent or straightened position, often accompanied by a painful snap when attempting movement. 

Education and awareness are essential in managing and overcoming trigger finger. Understanding the various factors that contribute to the condition, remaining vigilant for early warning signs, and seeking prompt and appropriate intervention from experienced professionals like Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez, are all key to a successful and enduring recovery. 

This informative and engaging blog post will delve deep into the world of trigger finger, discussing its primary causes and risk factors, revealing key symptoms that warrant medical attention, and outlining an array of diagnostic techniques to ensure an accurate and timely diagnosis. Additionally, we will cover a wide spectrum of treatment options, including conservative remedies, minimally invasive procedures, and advanced surgical interventions, tailored to cater to each patient’s unique needs and ensure the most effective and favorable outcomes. 

Understanding Trigger Finger: Causes and Risk Factors

While the specific origin of trigger finger may vary among individuals, several common factors contribute to its development:

  1. Repetitive Hand and Finger Movements: Prolonged, repetitive motions, such as gripping tools, playing musical instruments, or engaging in other activities requiring fine motor skills, can result in inflammation and irritation of the tendon sheath.
  2. Medical Conditions: Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and diabetes, can increase the risk of developing trigger finger.
  3. Age and Gender: Trigger finger is more prevalent among middle-aged and older individuals, and women tend to be more susceptible than men.
  4. Forceful and Strenuous Hand Use: Occupations requiring intensive use of the hand or forceful gripping motions can contribute to the development of trigger finger.

By recognizing these risk factors, you can be better prepared to seek medical attention if you suspect you may be developing trigger finger.

The Tell-Tale Signs of Trigger Finger: Symptoms to Watch For

Trigger finger presents itself with several distinctive symptoms, which typically worsen with time. Be on the lookout for the following:

  1. Pain or sensitivity at the base of the affected finger or thumb, especially during movement or pressure
  2. Stiffness of the finger or thumb, particularly in the morning
  3. A clicking or snapping sensation when trying to bend or straighten the affected finger or thumb
  4. The finger or thumb becoming locked in either a bent or straightened position, requiring manual manipulation to move

It is essential to consult a hand and wrist specialist, like Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez at North Florida Hand and Wrist, if you experience any of these persistent symptoms.

Trigger Finger Diagnosis: Tests and Examinations

Before formulating an appropriate treatment plan, your specialist will conduct a thorough evaluation to accurately diagnose trigger finger. The process includes:

  1. Assessing medical history, focusing on symptoms, hand usage, and possible underlying medical conditions
  2. Performing a physical exam to examine the affected finger or thumb to check for any swelling, inflammation, and limited mobility
  3. Utilizing various hand movements and provocative tests to evaluate the severity of the trigger finger condition
  4. Conducting imaging studies, such as x-rays or ultrasounds, when necessary, to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions

Once the diagnosis has been confirmed, your specialist will discuss the best treatment options for your individual case of trigger finger.

Choosing the Right Treatment Plan: Conservative Measures to Surgical Solutions

Depending on the severity of the condition, the experts at North Florida Hand and Wrist will provide personalized treatment options for trigger finger ranging from conservative remedies to surgical interventions:

1. Conservative Treatments:

  • Rest and Activity Modification: Reducing or avoiding activities that aggravate the trigger finger symptoms
  • Splinting: Immobilizing the affected finger to allow for healing and prevent further irritation
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs or pain relievers to reduce swelling and discomfort
  • Corticosteroid Injections: Injecting a steroid medication into the tendon sheath to decrease inflammation and facilitate movement.

2. Surgical Intervention: If conservative treatments prove ineffective, your specialist may recommend surgical procedures:

  • Percutaneous Trigger Finger Release: Using a needle to release the constriction in the tendon sheath, performed under local anesthesia in an office setting
  • Surgical Trigger Finger Release: Involves creating a small incision at the base of the affected finger or thumb, and carefully cutting the constriction in the tendon sheath to alleviate symptoms.

Resuming a Pain-Free Life: Post-Treatment Care and Prevention Tips

Following treatment, it is crucial to take appropriate measures to prevent the recurrence of trigger finger:

  1. Engage in gentle hand and finger exercises to strengthen the affected area and restore full mobility.
  2. Maintain proper ergonomic practices in your daily activities and workspaces.
  3. Modify or limit repetitive gripping motions or excessive force in hand use.
  4. Manage underlying medical conditions to lower the risk of trigger finger’s reappearance.


Trigger finger is a painful and debilitating condition that can significantly impact hand functionality and overall quality of life. Understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and seeking prompt medical intervention from experienced specialists like Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez at North Florida Hand and Wrist are crucial to managing and overcoming the condition effectively. With a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment plan, patients can regain their hand’s full mobility and resume a pain-free life. Engaging in preventative measures, such as ergonomic practices and gentle exercise, can further reduce the risk of recurrence and promote long-term wellness.

With Dr. Curtis and Dr. Baez at the helm, the North Florida Hand and Wrist is committed to helping you conquer trigger finger, guiding you through every step of diagnosis and treatment towards a future free of pain and restrictions. Their expertise, attentiveness to patient needs, and unwavering dedication to excellence will provide the foundation for successful trigger finger treatment and a pain-free future. Trust the team at North Florida Hand and Wrist to provide the compassionate and capable care you need to overcome the challenges posed by trigger finger and regain a life free from hand and wrist pain. Contact us today to schedule an appointment!