Wrist arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that allows hand and wrist surgeons to both diagnose and treat a wide range of wrist conditions. Employing small incisions and specialized instruments, this innovative procedure grants the surgeon unparalleled precision, visual clarity, and access to the wrist joint. As a result, patients often experience reduced pain, shorter recovery times, and minimal scarring. At North Florida Hand and Wrist, our expertly-trained hand and wrist surgeons, Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez, are committed to providing patients with the most advanced surgical methods, ensuring the highest quality care to patients experiencing wrist pain and discomfort.

Our state-of-the-art facility is designed to deliver exceptional patient care, offering cutting-edge technology, compassionate practitioners, and a focus on easing hand and wrist discomfort. Our primary goal is to help patients regain mobility and functionality, empowering them to resume their daily activities with minimal disruption.

In this in-depth article, we will examine the applications of wrist arthroscopy, highlighting its advantages as a minimally invasive procedure and exploring the various wrist conditions that can be treated using this innovative surgical technique. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of wrist arthroscopy, you can make informed decisions about your wrist health and seek the most appropriate treatment for your condition. 

Wrist Arthroscopy: A Minimally Invasive Procedure

Wrist arthroscopy is a revolutionary, minimally invasive surgical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of numerous wrist conditions. The technique involves making small incisions in the wrist to insert a specialized instrument known as an arthroscope, a thin tube equipped with a camera and light. The arthroscope projects images of the joint onto a screen, enabling the surgeon to visualize the internal structures of the wrist, accurately assess the situation, and address the underlying problem.

The Benefits of Wrist Arthroscopy

Owing to its minimally invasive nature, wrist arthroscopy offers several advantages over traditional open surgery, including:

  1. Reduced pain and swelling: Smaller incisions minimize tissue disruption and decrease postoperative pain and swelling.
  2. Shorter recovery period: Wrist arthroscopy allows patients to recover quicker and experience fewer post-surgery complications.
  3. Minimal scarring: The small incisions made during the procedure result in less visible scarring than open surgical methods.
  4. Precise diagnosis and treatment: The advanced imaging and visualization capabilities of the arthroscope provide the surgeon with a clear understanding of the joint, enabling an accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment.

Applications of Wrist Arthroscopy

Wrist arthroscopy can effectively diagnose and treat a variety of wrist conditions, including:

  1. Ligament injuries: Injuries to the wrist ligaments, such as sprains or tears, can cause instability and pain. Wrist arthroscopy allows for precise evaluation and treatment of these injuries, with the possibility of repairing damaged ligaments or removing debris.
  2. Wrist fractures: Wrist arthroscopy can assist in the reduction and fixation of certain wrist fractures, ensuring proper alignment and stability for optimal healing.
  3. Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tears: The TFCC is a critical structure in the wrist that helps stabilize the joint. Wrist arthroscopy can diagnose TFCC tears and allow for the repair or debridement of the damaged tissue.
  4. Ganglion cysts: These benign, fluid-filled cysts can be a source of wrist pain and discomfort. Wrist arthroscopy allows for their removal and offers a lower chance of recurrence compared to open surgery.
  5. Arthritis and wrist joint debridement: In cases of arthritis or other conditions causing joint damage, wrist arthroscopy can be used to assess the joint, remove inflamed synovium, or perform a wrist fusion if necessary.

The Wrist Arthroscopy Procedure

Wrist arthroscopy is typically performed under general or regional anesthesia, with the patient either sitting or supine. The surgical process can be summarized as follows:

  1. Anesthesia administration: Once the patient is comfortable and appropriately anesthetized, the surgical team proceeds with the procedure.
  2. Incision preparation: The surgeon makes two or three small incisions on the back of the wrist, providing access to the joint.
  3. Arthroscope insertion: The surgeon inserts the arthroscope through the incisions to visualize the wrist joint and surrounding structures.
  4. Diagnosis and treatment: Utilizing the arthroscope’s powerful imaging capabilities, the surgeon assesses the joint, diagnoses the problem, and applies the necessary treatment.
  5. Closure and dressing: After treatment, the surgeon removes the arthroscope, closes the incisions, and applies a dressing to the wound.
  6. Postoperative care: Patients are monitored in the recovery room following the procedure and typically return home the same day. The surgeon will provide specific postoperative instructions and follow-up appointments to ensure a successful recovery.


Wrist arthroscopy is an innovative, minimally invasive surgical technique that offers tremendous benefits to patients experiencing wrist pain or dysfunction. With reduced pain, shorter recovery times, and minimal scarring, this procedure is revolutionizing wrist surgery and patient outcomes. 

At North Florida Hand and Wrist, our expert hand and wrist surgeons, Dr. Richard D. Curtis and Dr. Jose Baez, are dedicated to staying at the forefront of surgical advancements to provide cutting-edge care to our patients. If you are experiencing wrist pain or suspect that you may have a wrist condition, don’t hesitate to contact our team for a comprehensive evaluation and tailored treatment plan designed to meet your unique needs.